Kenapa BPJS Ketenagakerjaan Tidak Terdaftar? Sebab & Solusinya
Kenapa BPJS Ketenagakerjaan Tidak Terdaftar? Sebab & Solusinya

Why is BPJS Employment Not Registered? Causes & Solutions

Have you ever wondered why BPJS Employment is not registered? BPJS Ketenagakerjaan is a program designed to provide protection to workers in Indonesia.

This program has an important role in protecting the rights of workers related to risks in the workplace, old age insurance, pension insurance, death insurance, and work accident insurance. However, unfortunately there are still some people who are not enrolled in this program.

As a worker, it is important for you to understand the importance of becoming a BPJS Ketenagakerjaan participant. This program provides financial protection that can help overcome risks in the workplace, such as work accidents and permanent disability. In addition, BPJS Ketenagakerjaan also provides old-age and pension benefits that can be a source of income when entering retirement.

In this article, we will discuss in detail the possible reasons why some people are not enrolled in BPJS Ketenagakerjaan, possible solutions, and other alternatives that can be considered. With a deeper understanding of this issue, it is hoped that you can make the right decisions regarding social security and labor protection.


Possible Causes Why Employment BPJS is Not Registered

Loss of Job

Job loss is one of the common causes why someone is not registered with BPJS Ketenagakerjaan. When someone loses their job, they also lose access to the social security offered by this program. Many people do not realize the importance of BPJS Ketenagakerjaan until they lose their jobs and face the risk of losing social security. This can be caused by layoffs, redundancies, or company closures.

Understanding about the program

Misunderstanding about the BPJS Employment program is also a cause why some people are not registered. Some people may not fully understand the program and the benefits it offers. This could be due to the lack of information available or a lack of understanding about the importance of social security as a worker. As a result, they do not see the urgency to enroll in BPJS Ketenagakerjaan.

Administrative Difficulties

The administrative process in registering for BPJS Ketenagakerjaan can be an obstacle for some people. Some people may experience difficulties in taking care of various documents and completing the registration form. This process can be time-consuming and sometimes confusing, especially for those who are not familiar with administrative procedures. This difficulty could stem from a lack of information regarding the necessary requirements or difficulty in accessing the necessary facilities.

Lack of Information

Some people may not have adequate access to information about BPJS Ketenagakerjaan. Ignorance about the program may cause them to not realize the importance of becoming a participant and not register. Factors such as lack of socialization, lack of information campaigns, or uneven dissemination of information can lead to knowledge gaps among the public.

Not Eligible

There are several requirements that must be met to be able to register in the BPJS Employment program. For example, a person must have a job with a status as a worker in the country. People who work in the informal sector or who work as freelancers may not qualify and cannot be enrolled in the program. In addition, there are also other requirements such as age and certain income limits that need to be met.

Financial Hardship

The registration fee and monthly dues of BPJS Ketenagakerjaan can be quite a burden for some people. Especially for those who are facing difficult financial conditions, paying BPJS Ketenagakerjaan contributions can be a low priority. This financial difficulty can be caused by low income, high routine expenses, or other financial dependents. As a result, they choose not to enroll in the program to save money.

Lack of Support from the Company

Some companies may not provide adequate support or facilities for employees to enroll in BPJS Ketenagakerjaan. This can be an obstacle for the workforce in the enrollment process. For example, the company does not provide enough information about the program, does not provide special time for registration administration, or does not provide incentives or subsidies to assist employees in paying BPJS Ketenagakerjaan contributions.

Potential Solutions to the Problem of Why Employment BPJS is Not Enrolled

More Effective Socialization

More effective socialization needs to be done to increase public awareness about the importance of becoming BPJS Ketenagakerjaan participants. Through proper socialization, complete and clear information can be conveyed to the community. Socialization campaigns can be conducted through various media such as television, radio, brochures, and social media. In addition, involving respected and influential community leaders can also help increase the level of participation in this program.

Ease of Administration

The administrative process in registering for BPJS Ketenagakerjaan needs to be simplified and accelerated. The government can evaluate the existing administrative procedures and find ways to simplify them. For example, making registration forms more user-friendly, providing clear instructions, and speeding up the document verification process. In addition, increasing the number of registration locations and extending the operating hours of BPJS Ketenagakerjaan offices can also help reduce administrative barriers.

Subsidy Program

The government may consider a subsidy program for those who face financial difficulties in paying BPJS Ketenagakerjaan contributions. This program could provide financial assistance to those who meet certain criteria, such as those with income below a certain threshold or those affected by layoffs. This subsidy program can help them to remain participants in BPJS Ketenagakerjaan despite facing financial limitations.

Cooperation with Companies

Companies need to provide greater support for employees to enroll in the BPJS Ketenagakerjaan program. Companies can facilitate the enrollment process by providing dedicated time for administration, facilitating payment of contributions through payroll deductions, or providing incentives or subsidies for enrolled employees. In addition, companies can also increase employees’ awareness and understanding of the importance of becoming BPJS Ketenagakerjaan participants through training programs or seminars.

Information Improvement

BPJS Employment needs to improve the information submitted to the public. Information that is clearer, easier to understand, and available in a variety of easily accessible media can help increase understanding and awareness of this program. BPJS Ketenagakerjaan can increase socialization activities, both through campaigns in the mass media and direct activities in various regions. In addition, BPJS Ketenagakerjaan can also improve the quality and accessibility of information on their official website.

Collaboration with Related Agencies

The government can collaborate with related agencies, such as the Manpower Office, tax office, and State-Owned Enterprises (SOEs), to maximize the socialization and registration of BPJS Ketenagakerjaan. For example, BPJS Ketenagakerjaan can collaborate with the Manpower Office in socialization activities in companies. In addition, cooperation with the tax office can facilitate data collection and verification of the validity of membership information. Involving SOEs will also help in providing adequate support and facilities for BPJS Ketenagakerjaan participants.

Regulatory Changes

The government also needs to consider regulatory changes that can facilitate the registration process and increase the involvement of participants in the BPJS Ketenagakerjaan program. For example, extending the age limit to register or providing leeway for employees in the informal sector who are not eligible to register. In addition, regulatory changes can also include incentive policies for companies that provide full support to employees to register and remain participants in the program.

Alternatives Why BPJS Employment is Not Enrolled

Private Insurance

For those who are not enrolled in the BPJS Employment program, private insurance can be an alternative. Private insurance offers broader and more flexible protection according to individual needs. Although the cost may be higher, private insurance can provide more specific and higher benefits in some aspects, such as more complete medical benefits, higher hospital costs, or other additional benefits not provided by BPJS Ketenagakerjaan.

Pension Savings

If not enrolled in BPJS Ketenagakerjaan, individuals can consider opening their own retirement savings. Retirement savings can be used to secure their financial future when entering retirement. By setting aside a portion of income regularly into a retirement savings account, individuals can better prepare for old age. On the plus side, individuals have full control over the investment and management of their retirement funds.

Freelance Work

For those who are not eligible to enroll in BPJS Ketenagakerjaan, freelance work can be an alternative. In freelance work, individuals can organize their own social security protection. For example, they can open health insurance and life insurance independently. By choosing freelance work, individuals can choose the type and level of protection that suits their needs. However, keep in mind that as a freelance worker, there are additional responsibilities in managing protection and organizing personal finances.

Investment and Business

Some people may choose to invest or open their own business as an alternative to participation in BPJS Ketenagakerjaan. In this case, individuals need to ensure that they have adequate financial protection. For example, individuals can choose to have life insurance and health insurance that suits their risk profile. In addition, managing finances wisely and establishing adequate emergency fund reserves are also necessary to deal with financial risks that may arise in running their own investment or business.

Financial Planning

Financial planning becomes more important for those who are not registered with BPJS Ketenagakerjaan. In financial planning, individuals can take into account their social security needs and look for other alternatives that suit their situation and financial condition. For example, individuals can look for independent health insurance, establish sufficient emergency funds to deal with financial risks, and prepare for long-term investments such as mutual funds or property. Careful financial planning will help individuals better manage their finances and deal with financial risks that may arise.

Negotiate with the Company

For those who work in certain companies, negotiating with the company regarding social security can also be an alternative. Individuals can try to discuss the possibility of obtaining social security facilities equivalent to BPJS Ketenagakerjaan through negotiations with their superiors or the company’s HRD. For example, companies can provide comprehensive health insurance or pension programs for employees as a substitute for the coverage offered by BPJS Ketenagakerjaan. Good negotiations and strong arguments can influence the company’s decision to provide social security facilities for employees.

Other Social Security

Finally, individuals can also look for other social security that suits their needs. Social security is not only limited to BPJS Employment. Individuals can look for social security provided by other organizations or institutions, such as professional organizations or worker associations. For example, in some professions such as doctors or lawyers, there are professional organizations that provide health insurance and pension insurance for their members. In addition, for those who have jobs overseas, the country where they work may provide social security that they can utilize.

Why is BPJS Employment Not Registered – Q&A

1. Are there any penalties for not being registered with BPJS Ketenagakerjaan?
Yes, there are fines imposed if someone is not registered with BPJS Ketenagakerjaan. Law No. 24/2011 on BPJS Employment states that every worker in Indonesia must be registered in this program. If not registered, the company can be fined 3% of the gross wage of the unregistered worker. This fine aims to encourage companies to comply with their obligations in providing social security protection for workers.

2. How to register with BPJS Ketenagakerjaan?

To register with BPJS Ketenagakerjaan, a person must submit an application to the nearest BPJS Ketenagakerjaan office and complete the various requirements needed. The requirements that are generally needed include a photocopy of the Identity Card (KTP), a photocopy of the Family Card (KK), and a photocopy of the taxpayer identification number (NPWP). In addition, there is also a registration form that needs to be filled out and signed. After the registration process is complete, participants will get a BPJS Ketenagakerjaan participant card containing their membership number and other important information.

3. Can Employment BPJS be used when working abroad?
BPJS Employment is only valid in Indonesia and does not apply when working abroad. However, for Indonesian migrant workers (TKMI) working in certain countries, there are social security programs specifically intended for those working abroad, such as BPJS Ketenagakerjaan Luar Negeri (BPJS TKLN). This program provides social security protection to TKMI working abroad, including protection against the risks of work accidents, disability, and death associated with their work abroad.

4. Is there an age limit to join BPJS Ketenagakerjaan?

In general, the age limit for joining BPJS Ketenagakerjaan is 18 years old to 55 years old. However, there are exceptions for migrant workers who work abroad and those who work in the informal sector. For migrant workers, the age limit is 18 years old to 60 years old, while for the informal sector, the age limit is extended to 57 years old. This age limit is set to ensure that BPJS Ketenagakerjaan participants have a sufficient period of time to utilize the social security benefits provided by this program before entering retirement.

Why is BPJS Employment Not Registered – Q&A (continued)

5. Is it necessary to pay BPJS Ketenagakerjaan contributions after retirement?

After entering retirement, BPJS Ketenagakerjaan participants no longer need to pay monthly contributions. However, the social security benefits provided by BPJS Ketenagakerjaan remain valid until the participant dies. For example, old-age insurance benefits that have been accumulated during the working period can be received by participants or their heirs. So, even though there is no obligation to pay contributions after retirement, participants can still get the benefits they have received during their work.

6. Does BPJS Employment cover the risk of accidents outside the workplace?

BPJS Employment provides protection against the risk of accidents that occur in the workplace. However, BPJS Employment does not provide protection for accidents that occur outside the workplace. For example, if a participant has an accident while outside the workplace, for example while on vacation or on the way back and forth from work, the accident will not be covered by BPJS Employment. Therefore, to protect themselves from the risk of accidents outside the workplace, individuals can consider having health insurance or personal accident insurance.

7. Can I cancel my participation in BPJS Ketenagakerjaan?
Once a participant of BPJS Ketenagakerjaan, it is usually not allowed to cancel participation in the program. This is because BPJS Ketenagakerjaan is a mandatory social security program for workers in Indonesia. However, there are some special circumstances where participation can be canceled, such as if one moves abroad or if the participant passes away. If someone wants to cancel participation in BPJS Ketenagakerjaan, it is best to consult with BPJS Ketenagakerjaan first to get more information about the procedures and consequences involved.


Protecting Rights as a Worker

BPJS Employment is an important program in providing social protection and security to workers in Indonesia. However, there are still some people who are not enrolled in this program. Job loss, lack of understanding about the program, administrative difficulties, limited information, ineligibility, financial difficulties, and lack of support from the company are possible reasons why BPJS Employment is not registered.

The Need for the Right Solution

To overcome this problem, the right solution is needed. More effective socialization, ease of administration, subsidy programs, cooperation with companies, improved information, collaboration with related agencies, and changes in regulations can be solutions that can be done. In addition, there are also other alternatives that can be considered, such as private insurance, retirement savings, freelance work, investment and business, financial planning, negotiation with the company, and seeking other social security.

The Right Decision as a Worker

As a worker, it is important that you understand and protect your rights. You have decisions to make regarding social security and protection as a worker. By gaining an in-depth understanding of the problem of why BPJS Ketenagakerjaan is not registered and the possible solutions, you can make the right decisions to protect yourself and your financial future. Do not hesitate to seek further information and consult with relevant parties to get a more detailed and in-depth explanation.

Closing Words

Social Security Protection as a Priority

Social security protection is important for every worker. Not being enrolled in BPJS Ketenagakerjaan can provide unwanted financial risks. Therefore, it is important for us to understand how important it is to be a participant in this program to protect our rights as a workforce. By understanding the causes of non-enrollment in BPJS Ketenagakerjaan, finding the right solutions, and exploring other suitable alternatives, we can maintain our financial security and stability as a workforce.

So, let’s together make social security protection a top priority in maintaining our financial stability as workers. By doing so, we can achieve a better life without worrying about the risks of work that may occur. Don’t forget to always look for accurate and up-to-date information about BPJS Ketenagakerjaan and utilize the services provided for our benefit as participants. Let’s be a smart and well-protected workforce!

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